Sunday, February 21, 2010

NAMBA PARKS, HANGING GARDENS IN OSAKA



Osaka is a city of malls. Hundreds of malls and galleries crisscross the frenzied urban fabric, like delirious arteries taking the pulse of the city's accelerated heartbeat. However, something that called the attention of my Westernized eyes was Osaka's lack of public spaces such as parks and squares, especially around commercial areas. It is understandable. The land in this area has a very high opportunity cost, and therefore instead of trees, multi million-dollar buildings are preferred to grow.

That's why Namba Parks is an important effort to give back some environmental quality to the city, without losing the opportunity to offer commercial spaces in a highly speculative area.


Namba Parks, near Namba Station in Osaka.

Namba Parks was designed by Jon A. Jerde ,an American architect, professor at UCLA and author of several publications. Jerde has several urban interventions in the U.S., characterized by its spectacular facades. In Japan, aside of Namba Parks he has also designed another mall in Fukuoka, that we will discussed in a future post.

The construction was executed by the company Mori Building Co. Beside the complex there is a huge, disproportionate and tasteless tower, which has nothing to do with the design of the park.


General view. Photo courtesy Namba Parks

Therefore, I will mainly focus in the landscaped area. Namba Parks is a combination of 3 elements: a mall, a park, and a circulation space flowing through it. The mall resembles the idea of a small town. The shops are connected by bridges or face lively mini squares, enabling visitors to experience the space in a human scale, a kind of commercial promenade in heart of the city.


The park is developed on terraces on the roof of the shops, evoking the shape of the gardens of Babylon. From afar, the park rises showing its hanging gardens as an irresistible attraction to a town thirsty of greenery.

Its design is not rational at all, because of the undulating geometry of the park reflects the subtle route in traditional Japanese gardens, incorporating some Western elements, such as benches and fountains. A cascade of terraces offers both public and more private spaces, using techniques such as subtle changes in the texture of the floor, unevenness in the lawn or the incorporation of a particular type of tree.

Details of the gardens. Photo C. Zeballos.

The third concept is what makes this complex unique: the metaphore of the Grand Canyon as a topic in the circulation of the building. Of course, one could criticize: what is the Grand Canyon doing in Japan??? Its validity remains controversial. After all, since the Meiji period in 1868, the Japanese have continued to copy things from the West (and in some cases improving them, such as cameras or cars). In their insular culture is allowed to take out concepts from outside and adapt them to their own cosmogony.

Circulation.

I will not argue further on that matter, I will say however that, fortunately the concept is not a mere caricature of the Grand Canyon (a sort of Disneyland), but evolves into an elaborated stylization of forms and colors, based on the ellipse and the elliptical arc.

Sequence.

It is precisely that by participating in its route, the crowds flows resembling the Colorado River, rejoicing in the various sensations that the variety of its scale and the surprising display of elements such as waterfalls and bridges along its way.

Detail of a waterfall.

The design of their striking sculptural facades resemble the formations of the great geological American natural wonder.


Details of the wall. Photos C. Zeballos

The execution of the details has been carefully carried out, taking into account different colors, textures and materials.

Photo C. Zeballos

At the core of the promenade lies the ellipse that generates the entire geometrical layout, where panoramic lifts are located, capped by an sculptural ovoid tank.

Photo Wikipedia

This dish, just as a lighthouse, has a central role in the nights of Namba Parks.


Elliptical space.

The theme of the ellipse is always present, from the big squares up in the treatment of floors. Ellipses or elliptical arcs are the geometrical base of Jerde's design.

Namba Parks Landscaping, details. Photos C. Zeballos

This urban intervention is definitely welcomed, from the environmental viewpoint. Thermo photographs show the impact on the temperature of the area. Because of the trees, the amount of humidity is higher, as extreme heat or cold are controlled naturally. Environmental pollution has also been significantly reduced, providing a more comfortable and healthy microclimate to the Namba district.

Thermo photography, courtesy of Namba Parks. Photo C. Zeballos

The landscaping of the park is also a remarkable achievement, since the massive foliage is seen at its best in the cascading terraces, even more than if the trees were grouped on the same level.


If they have copied the Grand Canyon, why not copy the Incas? Busy restaurant whose decor resembles Inca ruins on the top floor of Namba Parks.

Photo C. Zeballos


From left to right, Architect Gilad Ronnen from Israel, Prof. Masashi Kawasaki, me and Prof. Demura, right after Namba Parks was inaugurated.

3 comments:

  1. Am currently on a trip to Japan and have found your reports both interesting and very helpful. So after reading your above critique I duly made the trek out from central Osaka to see Namba Parks. Oh Dear! I could not disagree more with your assessment. I am not a garden expert, and it may well be that there is something of horticultural interest here, but as for the architecture, I found it a banal one-liner : its a shopping mall with wavy walls. End of story. Its a blank. No contrasts, juxtapositions, or incidents. It has nothing to say. I thought the tower, which you dismiss, was more interesting.
    So my advice is save your subway fare and go and see something else. Sorry Carlos!

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    1. Not at all, on the contrary, I really appreciate another point of view.
      Good luck on your trip! :)

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  2. This is a very interesting reportage Carlos. This project has been realised in 2007. Five years before, the International Concept Competition for The Northern Osaka Station Area has in 2002 resulted in several finalist projects. Among them no proposal with the name of Jon A.Jerde…However among the finalists 55 entries selected among 966 one has been intituled “Osaka Suspended Gardens”. But it was really a concept inspired by a Japanese garden:
    Soft and natural forms of the Japanese Gardens are usually circled or faced by rectangular architectural environment.
    This principle has been employed for the composition of « Osaka Gardens », where the existing architecture, the true living testimony of the architectural thinking of the past 20 th century, face the gentle forms of this kind of «town garden», created through this new, soft and harmonious morphology of hills, housing the variety of urban facilities.
    Seethe following link:
    http://www.tpda.be/TPDA/Projects/Pages/Osaka_Suspended_Gardens_2003

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