Tuesday, October 7, 2014

FRANCIS KÉRÉ AND THE EARTHEN ARCHITECTURE


ESPAÑOL

One of the most celebrated keynote speeches at the XXV World Congress of Architecture in Durban, was presented by the African architect Diébédo Francis Kéré, born in the small village of Gando in Burkina Faso, one of the poorest countries in the world.
Kéré gave a lecture whose pillars were the importance of communal work and the use of local materials, especially earth, and traditional techniques but with spatial and technical innovation, in order to promote sustainable practices.


African traditional architecture makes frequent use of the mud.

With his characteristic spontaneity, Kéré recounted having to move from his small village, where there was no electricity nor school, to a distant city, as his father wanted him to learn to read and write. Later, he won a scholarship which allowed him to study architecture at the Technical University of Berlin, Germany. During his studies he established a foundation and with the help of his friends he managed to collect $ 50,000. Subsequently, he returned to his hometown and used that money to build a school, using local materials and local labor from the community.
Beyond this noble gesture, it is noteworthy his innovative capacity and ability in design, which shows that large budgets or luxury materials are not indispensable to create memorable and useful architecture. It is very inspiring to see how Kéré managed to provide plastic quality and practical functionality from simple and austere environments.
However, his proposal to use clay was not welcomed by the members of the community, who wanted to use more "Western" materials. However, he manage to convince them to use traditional materials with experimental techniques such as steel rods to reinforce the clay, vaulted elements or manually tamping clay to make the floor, which then was polished by hand with stones, Kéré  and the community successfully developed its first school in Gando.


Various stages of tamped earth on the floor

The volume of the primary school, inspired by the rationality of Mies van der Rohe, was provided with a prominent overhanging roof. The open ceiling allows natural ventilation in place  that otherwise could reach up to 45 ° C in summer.



After the development of the school, other facilities were added. For the library, he used an interesting strategy, reusing clay pots, slicing them and place them as skylights, obtaining a rich internal game of light and shadow.


His innovative use of earthen architecture  led him to develop several projects in Burkina Faso (as the Opera Village and Centre de Santé et Promotion Sociale) and Mali (as the National Park of Mali and the Centre de l'Architecture en Terre).



Opera Village, Laongo, Burkina Faso
Secondary School, Dano, Burkina Faso
Centre de Santé et Promotion Sociale


Surgical Clinic and Health Center, Léo, Burkina Faso

Centre de l'Architecture in Terre, Mopti, Mali

However, his production is not  limited to projects in Africa, since he was the of a competition  for the rehabilitation of Oxford-Kaserne in Münster, Germany, a project of urban renewal that integrates historic buildings to new facilities, as well as an integrated proposal of landscape architecture.




He has also participated in the exhibition "Sensing Spaces: Architecture Reimagined" in the gallery of the Royal Academy of Arts in London. This is a temporary structure made of small panels forming vaults, in which the public was invited to insert their used plastic drinking straws, a way to become aware of the pollution that these objects produce when not being recycled properly.





With talent and simplicity, Kéré has not lose their roots and use his increasing popularity to develop projects for his community, which certainly must be very proud of him.

"If you think in terms of a year plant a seed,
in terms of 10 years, plant trees
in terms of 100 years, teach people "
Confucius
SEE ALSO
-   ADOBE ARCHITECTURE IN CONTEMPORARY

28 comments:

  1. DUBAI GLASS PARTITION, ALUMINIUM AND MIRROR WORKS

    Established in 2011, based in Dubai, lecturing the essentials of the growing construction industry and providing high quality principles in Dubai Glass, Aluminium and Mirror Works. We fixed a slot in the market place and is now leaders in Glass works in the Dubai-UAE for more than 8 years of experience with an desirable reputation of productivity and reliability. Meanwhile its inception the company has dealt with many reputable organizations, Consultants as well as main contractors. We at Muhammad Riaz Technical Services LLC are to present highest quality Dubai Glass, Aluminum and mirror works, Glass Partition, Office Partition, Glass Door Dubai Glass Works, Emirates Glass & Mirrors, Glass Lamination, Lamination with Bend Glass, Curved or bend Glass, Fixing of Shop fronts Office partitions, Automatic & semi Automatic Doors, Automatic & semi Automatic Doors, Frameless shower doors, Spider Fittings, Glass interior desigining, Structural glazing, Sand Blasting, Edge Polishing, Edge polish & matering to our clients. Muhammad Riaz Technical Services LLC an honor winning company with a standing for consistent origination at the highest level of Dubai Glass, Emirates Glass, Aluminium, Mirror, Automatic Sliding, Frameless Shower Enclosure, Doors Partition, Sliding, Glass Partition in Dubai, Office Partitions, Glazing, and Ship Boat. Phone: +971 4 2381528

    ReplyDelete
  2. THANKS FOR SHARING SUCH A AMAZING WORK
    GREAT PIECE OF WORK!!!
    VISUALIZATION SERVICES

    ReplyDelete
  3. Thank you very much for sharing interesting thoughts. You’re right, we don’t realize that the way we design our home space can do much for the environment and for our wellbeing, it’s only necessary to use a reasonable approach. The tips you have mentioned in the article are very useful for designing for our own lifestyles.
    Interior Designers in Chennai | Interior Decorators in Chennai | Best Interior Designers in Chennai | Home Interior designers in Chennai | Modular Kitchen in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  4. The volume of the primary school, inspired by the rationality of Mies van der Rohe, was provided with a prominent overhanging roof. The open ceiling allows natural ventilation in place that otherwise could reach up to 45 ° C in summer.
    اسعار الخيام الاوروبية | ديكور خيام داخلي | تأجير خيام في مكة المكرمة | تأجير خيام في جدة | تأجير خيام في الرياض

    ReplyDelete
  5. If you are looking for Partition Making Services in Dubai then HMD is the right choice. We have the best handyman for Partition Making Services in Dubai.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Hello Carlos Zeballos, Thank you so much for your informative article.You are right.It Is Very Amazing And useful.Thank You For Posting and Sharing With Us. keep it up. Commercial Real Estate - CBRE

    ReplyDelete
  7. Thinking positively on how to buy magic mushrooms online, pills and other psychedelics products and how to grow
    magic mushroom

    where to buy pure ecstasy pills online.

    buy pure dmt crystals online.

    where to buy lsd online

    ReplyDelete
  8. Very good article,Thank you
    For sofa repair service contact thesofastore they gives
    Sofa Refurbishing in Jayanagar,Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  9. Thank you for sharing this nice article.
    For web design & development service contact Multisoft digital technologies, They have
    Web Design Company in Kalyan Nagar

    ReplyDelete
  10. it was great information and very useful

    Durgaanugarha astrology center. vashikaran Astrologer In mangalore

    ReplyDelete
  11. Thanks for sharing, nice post! Post really provice useful information!
    For sofa renovation contact thesofastore they gives best
    Sofa Refurbishing in C V Raman Nagar,Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  12. Thanks for sharing, nice post! Post really provice useful information!
    For web design & development service contact Multisoft digital technologies, They have
    Web Design Company in Belgaum

    ReplyDelete
  13. Good post, thanks for sharing
    Total Station, contact us total station

    ReplyDelete
  14. Thanks for sharing this informative blog..Keep posting
    Visit website for best astrological services contact. Vashikaran Astrologer in Govindarajanagar

    ReplyDelete
  15. Thanks for providing this information. It's very helpful.
    Visit here
    Muhurtham Jewellery for Rent in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  16. Thanks for sharing, nice post! Post really provice useful information!
    For Astrological solutions contact Shri Durga astro center,They gives
    Best Astrologer in Vijayapura

    ReplyDelete
  17. Such a great post,Thanks for sharing this.
    look here
    Best Astrologer in Jayanagar

    ReplyDelete
  18. 스포츠토토
    배트맨토토프로
    배트맨토토




    Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your
    stuff previous to and you’re just extremely fantastic.
    I really like what you’ve acquired here, really like what you
    are saying and the way in which you say it. You make
    it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it smart. I can not
    wait to read much more from you. This is actually a great site.

    ReplyDelete
  19. Thanks for your post! Through your pen I found the problem up interesting! I believe there are many other people who are interested in them just like me! How long does it take to complete this article? I have read through other blogs, but they are cumbersome and confusing.
    happy wheels



    스포츠중계
    토토사이트
    토토 대표 사이트

    ReplyDelete
  20. It's perfect time to make a few plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I've learn this submit and if I may just I desire to recommend you some attention-grabbing things or advice. Maybe you could write subsequent articles referring to this article. I want to read even more issues approximately it!



    Also visit my web page :



    토토사이트
    토토365프로
    프로토

    ReplyDelete
  21. Hi,
    It is really a great post by you. I found this so interesting. Keep it up and keep sharing such posts.
    Crafting assignment is one of the parts of a college degree that gives a better understanding of the subject to the student. Most of the students stuck while crafting their assignment. Are you also one of them. If yes, then there are many assignment makers in market who will give help you in making your assignments and help you to attain good grades.
    Many different subjects where students mostly seek online assignment help are SITHCCC020 assessment answers Help, Management Assignment Help, bsbdiv501 assessment answers, etc.

    ReplyDelete